Engineering the heterotrophic carbon sources utilization range of Ralstonia eutropha H16 for applications in biotechnology
Ralstonia eutropha H16 is an interesting candidate for the biotechnological production of polyesters consisting of hydroxy- and mercaptoalkanoates, and other compounds. It provides all the necessary characteristics, which are required for a biotechnological production strain. Due to its metabolic versatility, it can convert a broad range of renewable heterotrophic resources into diverse valuable compounds. High cell density fermentations of the non-pathogenic R. eutropha can be easily
... be easily performed. Furthermore, this bacterium is accessible to engineering of its metabolism by genetic approaches having available a large repertoire of genetic tools. Since the complete genome sequence of R. eutropha H16 has become available, a variety of transcriptome, proteome and metabolome studies provided valuable data elucidating its complex metabolism and allowing a systematic biology approach. However, high production costs for bacterial large-scale production of biomass and biotechnologically valuable products are still an economic challenge. The application of inexpensive raw materials could significantly reduce the expenses. Therefore, the conversion of diverse substrates to polyhydroxyalkanoates by R. eutropha was steadily improved by optimization of cultivation conditions, mutagenesis and metabolic engineering. Industrial by-products and residual compounds like glycerol, and substrates containing high carbon content per weight like palm, soybean, corn oils as well as raw sugar-rich materials like molasses, starch and lignocellulose, are the most promising renewable substrates and were intensively studied.