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The interleukin-1 family members, IL-1β and IL-18, are processed into their biologically active forms by multi-protein complexes, known as inflammasomes. Although the inflammasome pathways that mediate IL-1β processing in myeloid cells have been well defined, those involved in IL-18 processing, particularly in non-myeloid cells, are still not well understood. Here, we report that the host defence molecule NOD1 regulates IL-18 processing in epithelial cells to the mucosal pathogens, Helicobacterdoi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-49701/v1 fatcat:qgnxcna4rjfrfiblnekz7nfdmu