Farmers Influence on Plant Diversity Conservation in Traditional Cocoa Agroforestry Systems of Cote D'Ivoire
International Journal of Research Studies in Agricultural Sciences
Côte d'Ivoire keeps the leading place of cocoa production in the world because of the rapid expansion of cocoa cultivation areas at the expense of forests. In order to contribute to adapting the management of cocoa plantations to global change, our study focused on the population structure of associated woody vegetation with reference to utilization. In the Doboua region, a floristic survey on 90 plots of 400 m2 each and ethnobotanical interviews of 180 producers help to better analyze future
... er analyze future conservation of cocoa agroforestry systems. Floristic variability was closely related to three distinct structural levels of frequency and ecosystem services, by the multiple factorial analysis. The group of the most frequent species denominates several fruit and food providing species, medicinal plants and business activities. The group of moderately frequent species comprises shade trees for young cocoa trees, and timber species. The less frequent species, generally spontaneous plants, contribute to firewood provision. Thus, the ecosystem services concern distinct species and reflect the diversity through peasant's management. Sustainable management for conservation of traditional cocoa agroforestry systems requires global change to be taken into account, ensuring the resilience of the agricultural areas and food security.