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The LOFAR radio telescope is able to measure the radio emission from cosmic ray induced air showers with hundreds of individual antennas. This allows for precision testing of the emission mechanisms for the radio signal as well as determination of the depth of shower maximum Xmax, the shower observable most sensitive to the mass of the primary cosmic ray, to better than 20 g cm −2 . With a densely instrumented circular area of roughly 320 m 2 , LOFAR is targeting for cosmic ray astrophysics indoi:10.1088/1742-6596/1181/1/012020 fatcat:uehncobad5frrop4kjc4z4humy