Homelessness: An Emerging Threat

Sudip Bhattacharya
2018 International Journal of Healthcare Education & Medical Informatics  
Homelessness is a global burden. It is estimated that 100 million people are homeless worldwide according to United Nation estimates in the year of 2005. It is a major issue in developing nation such as India. The 2011 census counts there are 449,761 houseless households/ families and 17,73,040 homeless people in India -52.9 % in urban areas, and 47.1% in rural areas. Homelessnesss is multifactorial in origin. Some of common reasons are poverty, drug addiction, natural disaster and war, family
more » ... er and war, family problem and unemployment. Homeless people are very fragile, physically and mentally, they prone to victim of physical and social assault. We need to recognize homelessness as a major public health problem and attempt to target this group for special care in order to promote equity in health system as part of Sustainable Development Goals. The Government should undertake physical upgradation of informal settlements including different types of slum areas; unidentified, identified, recognised, notified and unauthorised housing accompanied by the providing access to roads and basic amenities like electricity, water supply and sanitation.
doi:10.24321/2455.9199.201808 fatcat:imoo7uleebcivc75y2h6aof73m