Genetic Variation in Damaged Populations of Pistacia atlantica Desf

Amina Labdelli, Roberto De La Herrán, Rami Arafeh, Francesca Resentini, Livio Trainotti, Youcef Halis, Ahmed Adda, Othmane Merah
2020 Plants  
The Atlas Pistachio tree, Pistacia atlantica Desf., has great importance in the ecological landscape of North Africa, due to its adaptive plasticity, as well as its use as a rootstock in the cultivation of the economically important species, Pistacia vera L. The conservation and valuation of this species require sampling and an assessment of its genetic variability. For the first time in North Africa, the inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR) molecular marker has been used in genetic-diversity
more » ... genetic-diversity assessment and in the population relationships of P. atlantica subsp. atlantica. The ISSR markers tested showed 74.1% polymorphism, while molecular variance (AMOVA) analysis revealed a high percentage of the total genetic diversity of 55.7% among the four populations studied. Cluster analysis with neighbor-joining (NJ) and principal coordinate analysis (PCO) divided the study sites into four distinct groups according to their geographical locations (Tiaret, Batna, Djelfa, and Bechar). Isolation by distance or Mantel test gave a positive correlation of r = 0.86 between geographical and genetic distances. The results in this study indicate an absence of gene flow, implying that conservation efforts should be taken separately for each population.
doi:10.3390/plants9111541 pmid:33187178 fatcat:i2eizqur55ee7kjqoirnxzjjgm