Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Identification of Domestic Bred Phalaenopsis Varieties Using SRAP and SSR Markers
SRAP과 SSR 마커를 이용한 국내 육성 팔레놉시스 품종의 유전적 다양성 분석과 품종판별

Pue Hee Park, Yong-Jin Park, Mi Seon Kim, Young Ran Lee, Pil Man Park, Dong Soo Lee, Byeong Woo Yae
2013 Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology  
The aims of this study were to compare genetic distances among 14 Phalaenopsis varieties using simple sequence repeat (SSR) and sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) marker systems and to determine the discrimination using SSR. A total of 111 SSR primers and 30 SRAP combinations were initially screened. Twelve SSR primers and thirty SRAP combinations showed high polymorphism among the 14 Phalaenopsis varieties including domestic breeding varieties, conserved in National Institute of
more » ... nal Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science (NIHHS). The amplified DNA fragments were separated by denaturing acrylamide gels and detected by silver staining method. A total of 474 polymorphic bands, including 55 by SSRs and 419 by SRAPs, were identified and used for genetic diversity analysis. Polymorphic bands were scored for calculating a simple matching coefficient of genetic similarity and cluster analysis with multi-variate statistical package (MVSP) 3.1. Fourteen Phalaenopsis varieties were classified into three major groups at similarity coefficient value of 0.683 and 0.66 using SRAP and SSR, respectively. Also we could discriminate these domestic breeding Palaenopsis varieties using only SSR 20 and SSR 22. The results indicate that SSR analysis is effective for discrimination among Phalaenopsis varieties and SRAP is useful for genetic diversity when there is no sequence information. These studied SSR and SRAP markers will be useful tools for genotype identification, germplasm conservation and genetic relationship study in Phalaenopsis.
doi:10.7235/hort.2013.12204 fatcat:qyzno3tvvrdrppfh2l2gleiota