EFEITO IN VITRO DA ASSOCIAÇÃO DE CITRONELA, ERVA DE SANTA MARIA E QUÁSSIA SOBRE O CARRAPATO BOVINO Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus

Fernanda C.Cunha Santos, Silvia Gonzalez Monteiro, Victor Fernando Roll
2013 Ciência Animal Brasileira  
The tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is an ectoparasite which causes high financial losses to the production of Brazilian cattle. The control of this parasite is accomplished by the administration of chemical products, but they are not adequately used, leading to high costs and stimulating the selection of resistant parasites. Thus, the objective of this experiment was to assess the in vitro efficiency of different formulations containing an association of citronella (Cymbopogon
more » ... (Cymbopogon nardus), Santa Maria herb (Chenopodium ambrosioides) and quassia (Quassia amara) tinctures on the bovine tick R. microplus. For this, engorged females of the parasite were submitted to the laboratory immersion test. The solutions containing all three plants were tested in different concentrations. Approximately 84% of the treatments presented efficiency equal or superior to 95%. The treatments with citronella in concentration equal or superior to 5% showed better results and the concentration of 10% showed maximum efficiency, independently of the concentrations of the other two plants. The high efficiency of the solutions was attributed mainly to the reduction of egg laying and hatching rate, and, in a minor scale, to death of the engorged females. It suggests that the phytotherapic solutions are able to induce alterations on the system and reproductive capacity of the females of R. microplus in in vitro tests, besides presenting a tickicide action. EFEITO IN VITRO DA ASSOCIAÇÃO DE CITRONELA, ERVA DE SANTA MARIA E QUÁSSIA SOBRE O CARRAPATO BOVINO Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus RESUMO O carrapato Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus é o ectoparasita que mais causa prejuízos à pecuária brasileira. O controle desse parasita é realizado por meio da administração de produtos químicos, sendo que estes são utilizados de forma inadequada, gerando alto custo e estimulando a seleção de parasitas resistentes. Tendo em vista essa situação, o objetivo deste experimento foi avaliar a eficácia in vitro de diferentes formulações contendo tintura de citronela (Cymbopogon nardus), erva de Santa Maria (Chenopodium ambrosioides) e quássia (Quassia amara) sobre o carrapato bovino R. microplus. Para isso, fêmeas ingurgitadas do parasita foram submetidas ao teste laboratorial de biocarrapaticidograma. As soluções testadas continham as três plantas em diferentes concentrações e utilizadas em associação. Aproximadamente 84% dos tratamentos apresentou
doi:10.5216/cab.v14i1.19393 fatcat:2zzmr5eukzaodf6xfqhnje3eia