Siberian Ibex (Capra sibirica) Neonatal Kid Survival and Morphometric Measurements in Ikh Nart Nature Reserve, Mongolia
Mongolian Journal of Biological Sciences
Understanding the factors infl uencing survival of ungulate neonates facilitates successful management programs, particularly as they relate to population dynamics and adaptive species management. However, kid survival of near threatened Siberian ibex (Capra sibirica) remains poorly understood. During 2005-2013, we captured and collared 21 ibex kids in Ikh Nart Nature Reserve in southeastern Mongolia, to monitor their survival and cause-specifi c mortality. We found no diff erences in
... rences in morphometric measurements between male and female kids, except body mass being males weighing more than females. A total of 11 mortalities were documented and predations by red foxes (n=5, Vulpes vulpes) and grey wolf (n=1, Canis lupus) was the leading cause of the mortalities. Known fate models indicate the monthly survival of kids best explained by body mass and fi rst month of life (April-May + weight). Monthly survival estimates ranged from 0.077 (95% CI = 0.60-0.88) in April-May to 0.97 (95% CI = 0.90-0.99) in June-March, with an annual survival rate of 0.45 (95% CI = 0.24-0.68). We found little support for the hypotheses that body mass or birth date infl uenced survival; however, our small sample size limited the power of the analyses. Overall, our results indicated that predation and other factors led to high kid mortality during the period shortly after birth. Otgonbayar, B . , Buyandelger, S., Amgalanbaatar, S. & Reading, R. P. 2017. Siberian ibex (Capra sibirica) neonatal kid survival and morphometric measurements in Ikh Nart Nature Reserve, Mongolia. Mong. J. Biol. Sci., 15(1-2): 23-30.