Molecular cloning of a xylanase gene from Bacteroides succinogenes and its expression in Escherichia coli
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
A gene coding for xylanase synthesis in Bacteroides succinogenes was isolated by cloning, with Escherichia coli HB101 as the host. After partial digestion of B. succinogenes DNA with Sau3A, fragments were ligated into the BamHI site of pBR322 and transformed into E. coli HB101. Of 14,000 colonies screened, 4 produced clear halos on Remazol brilliant blue-xylan agar. Plasmids from two stable clones recovered exhibited identical restriction enzyme patterns, with the same 9.4-kilobase-pair (kbp)
... lobase-pair (kbp) insert. The plasmid was designated pBXl. After subcloning of restriction enzyme fragments, a 3-kbp fragment was found to code for xylanase activity in either orientation when inserted into pUC18 and pUCl9. The original clone possessed approximately 10-fold higher xylanase activity than did clones harboring the 3-kbp insert in pUC18, pUCl9, or pBR322. The enzyme was partially secreted into the periplasmic space of E. coli. The periplasmic enzyme of the BX1 clone had 2% of the activity on carboxymethyl cellulose and less than 0.2% of the activity on p-nitrophenyl xyloside and a range of other substrates that it exhibited on xylan. The xylanase gene was not subject to catabolite repression by glucose or induction by either xylan or xylose. The xylanase activity migrated as a single broad band on nondenaturing polyacrylamide gels. The Km of the pBXl-encoded enzyme was 0.22% (wt/vol) of xylan, which was similar to that for the xylanase activity in an extracellular enzyme preparation from B. succinogenes. Based on these data it appears that the xylanase gene expressed in E. coli is fully functional and codes for an enzyme with properties similar to the B. succinogenes enzyme(s).