O Zhuāngzǐ e as palavras-cálice: uma visão de linguagem pragmática radical na China do século IV aC

Cristiano Mahaut Barros Barreto
2018 Revista de Estudos da Linguagem  
um convite para que se restaure a posição merecida do Zhuāngzǐ na HIL chinesa, ressaltando o papel fundamental do seu capítulo 27 nessa história. Palavras-chave: Zhuāngzǐ; Wittgenstein; metalinguagem; palavrascálice. Abstract: In this article, I analyze the language view of the Chinese Taoist classic Zhuāngzǐ 莊子 (c. 5th-3rd century BC), focusing on Chapter 27, in which the author suggests, through the metalinguistic triad of invited words, repeated words and goblet words, a remarkably unique
more » ... emarkably unique view within the Chinese tradition, still largely unexplored by sinologists and authors working on the History of Language Ideas (HLI). In a previously unpublished translation to the Portuguese of the beginning of Chapter 27 from the Zhuāngzǐ, I propose that the text supports a powerful and libertarian language that at the same time is plagued by its own propensity to impose categories and ontologies. The Zhuāngzǐ suggests a profoundly innovative approach, with which I draw illuminating and not yet published -as far as I am aware -parallels with the pragmatic approach of Wittgenstein's language as a form of life. Relying on Auroux's theoretical moderate historicist vision and the metalinguistic perspectivism associated with Harris and Taylor, I identify affinities that transcend time and space and at the same time refuse to yield to reductionism or to paralyzing hierarchies. Along the axis of an East/West comparative philosophy, I suggest that the final term of the Zhuangzian triad, goblet words, represents the renovating and liberating power of a language in which we see signs of Wittgenstein's ordinary language. Finally, I conclude with an invitation to restore the welldeserved prominence of the Zhuāngzǐ in the Chinese HLI, with particular attention to the key role of its Chapter 27.
doi:10.17851/2237-2083.26.2.905-943 fatcat:oal6vjpuhrdo5mt6tlhpdlpkui