Feature-based visual simultaneous localization and mapping: a survey

Rana Azzam, Tarek Taha, Shoudong Huang, Yahya Zweiri
2020 SN Applied Sciences  
Visual simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) has attracted high attention over the past few years. In this paper, a comprehensive survey of the state-of-the-art feature-based visual SLAM approaches is presented. The reviewed approaches are classified based on the visual features observed in the environment. Visual features can be seen at different levels; low-level features like points and edges, middle-level features like planes and blobs, and high-level features like semantically
more » ... d objects. One of the most critical research gaps regarding visual SLAM approaches concluded from this study is the lack of generality. Some approaches exhibit a very high level of maturity, in terms of accuracy and efficiency. Yet, they are tailored to very specific environments, like feature-rich and static environments. When operating in different environments, such approaches experience severe degradation in performance. In addition, due to software and hardware limitations, guaranteeing a robust visual SLAM approach is extremely challenging. Although semantics have been heavily exploited in visual SLAM, understanding of the scene by incorporating relationships between features is not yet fully explored. A detailed discussion of such research challenges is provided throughout the paper.
doi:10.1007/s42452-020-2001-3 fatcat:g7445is2cbdmdmllewkyp7giby