Cosmological aspects of a unified dark energy and dust dark matter model

Denitsa Staicova, Michail Stoilov
2017 Modern Physics Letters A  
Recently, a model of modified gravity plus single scalar field model was proposed, in which the scalar couples both to the standard Riemannian volume form given by the square root of the determinant of the Riemannian metric, as well as to another non-Riemannian volume form given in terms of an auxiliary maximal rank antisymmetric tensor gauge field. This model provides an exact unified description of both dark energy (via dynamically generated cosmological constant) and dark matter (as a "dust"
more » ... fluid due to a hidden nonlinear Noether symmetry). In this paper we test the model against Supernovae type Ia experimental data and investigate the future Universe evolution which follows from it. Our results show that this model has very interesting features allowing various scenarios of Universe evolution and in the same time perfectly fits contemporary observational data. It can describe exponentially expanding or finite expanding Universe and moreover, a Universe with phase transition of first kind. The phase transition occurs to a new, emerging at some time ground state with lower energy density, which affects significantly the Universe evolution.
doi:10.1142/s0217732317500067 fatcat:ilsxkle4sbhixg342c4ibf2nl4