Bound Water Content and Pore Size Distribution of Thermally Modified Wood Studied by NMR

Chenyang Cai, Fanding Zhou, Jiabin Cai
2020 Forests  
The physical and mechanical properties of thermally modified wood (TMW) have been comprehensively studied; however, the quantitative analysis of water states and cell wall pores of TMW is limited. In this work, Douglas fir and Norway spruce were thermally modified at 180, 200 and 220 °C, and then studied by NMR cryoporometry method. The results show that thermally modified samples had lower fiber saturation point and the bound water content than the reference samples at all the experimental
more » ... he experimental temperatures, indicating the reduced hygroscopicity due to thermal modification (TM). In addition, TM decreased number of hygroscopic groups, which can be implied by the decreased proportion of bound water sites, and TM also increased the proportion of small voids for bound water clusters. An increase in TM intensity resulted in lower bound water content and a smaller number of hygroscopic groups. In summary, the NMR method detected the water states and pore size distribution and confirmed that TM decreased the fiber saturation point and hygroscopicity of wood by reducing the bound water content and proportion of bound water sites in wood cell walls.
doi:10.3390/f11121279 fatcat:hvtpmt4ounakxcnmrdd5aajl5i