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The present study included the identification of the histopathological effects of the ciliated protozoan, Icthyophthirius multifiliis on the gills of the goldfish Carassius auratus, collected from aquarium shop in Erbil City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Results reveal that all infested fish showed color change of the gill filaments with white spots in different diameter. Histopathological observations reveals serious damages of primary lamella and secondary lamella include: increase in cells sizedoi:10.21271/zjpas.28.3.4 fatcat:orjqodtlcnc5pdjow26uvycy7q