Formation and development of the alcohol industry in Ukraine in the context of theoretical and methodological factors (the second half of the 19th – 20th centuries)

R. Bey
2019 Ìstorìâ nauki ì bìografìstika  
The author has set the goal to generalize the theoretical and methodological foundations of the formation of the alcohol industry of Ukraine, which have formulated in the works of foreign and domestic scientists in the second half of the 18 thearly 20 th centuries. The characteristic of the first devices of the distillation action, which were most widely used in the production of alcohol of the period under study, is given. It has shown that in the 17 th -18 th century the methods of
more » ... thods of distillation were sufficiently developed, which made it possible to obtain alcohol for industrial production. Despite the fact that the chemical equation of alcoholic fermentation was discovered at the end of the 18 that the beginning of the 19 th century, until the second half of the 19 th century there was not science-based technology for the process of alcohol production. It has proved that the forming of the alcohol industry was preceded by the development of the theory of distillation and fermentation. The main positions of the mechanistic, microbiological, physico-chemical, physiological theories of fermentation, which have formulated in the second half of the 19 th century, have generalized. Their founders are domestic and foreign scientists Zh
doi:10.31073/istnauka201902-03 fatcat:y6p5jvsu3nd7bgkfwgyqec4lwq