Analysis of anaerobic performance and the Body Mass Index measure of adolescents from different areas of Andalusian region (Spain)
Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte
Objective: To analyze the behavior of the average height of jumps according to the Body Mass Index, and the sex of subjects, and to find significant differences between the variables measured in the anaerobic test of Counter Movement Jump test over 10 s and 60 s in adolescents according to place of residence. Method: We selected a huge sample of subjects to different places of residence and we categorized them in three levels; Urban -Interior, Urban -Coast and Rural -Interior. Their corporal
... . Their corporal composition were measured and analyzed, with this analysis we calculated the Body Mass Index, and categorized them by Body Mass Status (Underweight <18.5; Normal Weight 18.5-24.9; Overweight 25-29.9 and Obesity +30). Then, we measured the Jump 10 s. The next day, the Jump 60 s was measured, finding the anaerobic alactic and anaerobic lactic parameters. Results: The highest percentages of overweight and obesity (20.23%) were found in a Rural -Interior area, however, these have in turn the lowest percentages of underweight (10.66%). In the Counter Movement Jump test were not found significant difference in the measured obtained between subjects of Urban -Interior and Urban -Coast areas, but we found significant difference in the remaining comparisons. Conclusions: The significant difference in anaerobic values measured in adolescents, only reside purely in urban and rural areas, rejecting so a possible differentiation from the coast areas.