Growth of exclusively breastfed infants in the first 6 months of life
Jornal de Pediatria
Artigo submetido em 26.05.03, aceito em 12.11.03. Abstract Objective: To evaluate the growth of exclusively breastfed infants from birth to 6 months of life. Methods: This was a longitudinal study of 184 children who received primary care at a public institution (Exclusive Breastfeeding Stimulation Program, PROAME) in Belém, state of Pará, Brazil, between February 2000 and January 2001. A total of 102 children completed the study. All were born at full term with a birth weight greater than or
... t greater than or equal to 2,500 g. No events were recorded during the neonatal period and the infants were exclusively breastfed, on demand, since their birth. The infants were followed up monthly, and the weight and length measured at birth and at the end of the first, fourth and sixth months of life were compared to the 50th percentile line of the NCHS growth charts and to other previous studies of Brazilian children who were exclusively breastfed. Results: Growth was adequate for all the children, who doubled their weight before the fourth month of life. Despite a slow-down in weight and height gain after the fourth month, the weight averages at 6 months were greater than the standards used for comparison. Conclusions: The average weight of these exclusively breastfed children was above the 50th percentile of the NCHS curve at 6 months, thus confirming the nutritional advantages of breast milk, especially when the mothers receive guidance regarding the appropriate techniques for breastfeeding. Introdução O crescimento saudável é alcançado com uma alimentação adequada. Na fase inicial da vida, o leite humano é indiscutivelmente o alimento que reúne as características nutricionais ideais, com balanceamento adequado de nutrientes, além de desenvolver inúmeras vantagens imunológicas e psicológicas, importantes na diminuição da morbidade e mortalidade infantil. A amamentação é, então, importante para a criança, para a mãe, para a família e para a sociedade em geral 1-8 .