Development of a CMOS Route for Electron Pumps to Be Used in Quantum Metrology

Sylvain Barraud, Romain Lavieville, Louis Hutin, Heorhii Bohuslavskyi, Maud Vinet, Andrea Corna, Paul Clapera, Marc Sanquer, Xavier Jehl
2016 Technologies  
The definition of the ampere will change in the next few years. This electrical base unit of the S.I. will be redefined by fixing the value of the charge quantum, i.e., the electron charge e. As a result electron pumps will become the natural device for the mise en pratique of this new ampere. In the last years semiconductor electron pumps have emerged as the most advanced systems, both in terms of speed and precision. Another figure of merit for a metrological device would be its ability to be
more » ... e its ability to be predictible and shared. For that reason a mature fabrication process would certainly be an advantage. In this article we present electron pumps made within a CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) research facility on 300 mm silicon-on-insulator wafers, using advanced microelectronics tools and processes. We give an overview of the whole integration scheme and emphasize the fabrication steps which differ from the normal CMOS route.
doi:10.3390/technologies4010010 fatcat:oisid6iy2fha7eqk6eahuluqym