Brillouin optical time-domain analysis sensor with pump pulse amplification

Juan José Mompó, Javier Urricelqui, Alayn Loayssa
2016 Optics Express  
We demonstrate a simple technique to provide conventional Brillouin optical time-domain analysis sensors with mitigation for pump pulse attenuation. The technique is based on operating the sensor in loss configuration so that energy is transferred from the probe wave to the pump pulse that becomes amplified as it counter-propagates with the probe wave. Furthermore, the optical frequency of the probe wave is modulated along the fiber so that the pump pulse experiences a flat total gain spectrum
more » ... otal gain spectrum that equally amplifies all the spectral components of the pulse, hence, preventing distortion. This frequency modulation of the probe brings additional advantages because it provides increased tolerance to non-local effects and to spontaneous Brillouin scattering noise, so that a probe power above the Brillouin threshold of the fiber can be safely deployed, hence, increasing the signal-to-noise ratio of the measurement. The method is experimentally demonstrated in a 100-km fiber link, obtaining a measurement uncertainty of 1 MHz at the worst-contrast position. OCIS codes: (290.5900) Scattering, stimulated Brillouin; (060.2370) Fiber optics sensors; (999.999) Brillouin optical time domain analysis; (999.999) Brillouin amplification. #260529
doi:10.1364/oe.24.012672 pmid:27410288 fatcat:7bpk63r6m5gvfohiwa2pisn7ru