A New Approach for Investigation of Mode II Fracture Toughness in Orthotropic Materials

Mahdi Fakoor, Nabi Mehri Khansari
2018 Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures  
Estimation of mode II fracture toughness KIIC in composite materials is known as a troublous and crucial problem. Dissipated values of KIIC that are reported in different fracture mechanics references is the evidence of the mentioned claim. This problem can signify the necessity of modification on common test methods and fixtures. The present study focuses on the causes of shear test results scattering in composite materials and presents some solutions in the form of necessary corrections that
more » ... y corrections that should be performed on the common test fixtures. Mixed mode I/II fracture limit curves are employed to show that the scattering in test results have strong relation with the creation of a considerable Fracture Process Zone FPZ . It is shown that common test fixtures are blind in confrontation with FPZ and are not able to active toughening mechanisms in pure mode II, correctly. Therefore, estimation of KIIC with available test fixtures has considerable standard deviation. After that, by employing some structural modifications on common fixtures, a new scheme of a shear fixture is proposed that in addition to include the FPZ effects, prepare suitable condition in order to activate the mode II toughening mechanisms. In this regard, it could be found that by applying these reforms, shear load concentration as well as the accuracy of empirical test and repeatability and reproducibility are enhanced. Furthermore, a 3D finite element method FEM was considered as the numerical method in which the Iosipesque and new fixture's specimens were analyzed by ANSYS software. It was found that by applying major amendments in the new shear test fixture, a remarkable precision in results can be obtained in comparison with the previous Iosipesque one
doi:10.1590/1679-78253979 fatcat:332d6vcbjvfcdnrmqdwqqe7pgm