Transcriptome profiling of mastitis-specialized Staphylococcus aureus reveals the impact of low-oxygenation on the regulation of unique pawthways after internalization into bovine mammary alveolar cell-T (MAC-T)
Mastitis-specialized lineages of Staphylococcus aureus are important pathogens in the dairy industry. The molecular mechanisms underlying host-and organ-specialization in these lineages are still not fully understood. Recent findings suggested that differential expression of genes may have contributed to the evolution of strains with enhanced virulence. However, studies on gene expressions under key intra-mammary conditions are quite limited for mastitis S. aureus . The purpose of the study was
... se of the study was to investigate the influence of low oxygen levels on the transcriptome profiles of bovine matitis S. aureus , using high-throughput whole genome qRT-PCR.Results Results showed that under normal oxygenation, a mastitis-isolate expressed subsets of genes for adaptation, environmental-sensing, and binding including merR, sigB , vraS , yycG/yycF , araC , and tetR . In addition, coupling of fermentative metabolism to virulence was indicated by accumulated transcripts for catabolite control protein A ( ccpA) and pentose-monophosphate operon and depleted transcripts for tricaroxylic acid cycle. Furthermore, sarU mediated agr activation was evidented by transcripts for toxins, adaptation, and in-vivo viability factors as staphopains and gntR operon. On the other hand, reduced oxygenation increased transcription of fibrinogen-binding genes, isd-operon, and sdrH showing aggressive adherence phenotype. While normal oxygenation produced gene activities for quick and aggressive responses, low-oxygenation induced phenotypes for persistence, binding, and metabolic inactivity.Conclusion Significant differences in the transcriptional profiles were observed for mammary alveolar cell-T (MAC-T) internalized S. aureus under low oxygen levels compared to that at normal levels. This indicated that low oxygen is an important key mammary factor that influence transcriptome profiles of intra-mammary-specific phenotypes of S. aureus . These findings will help in understanding the effect of oxygen on the differentiation and evolution of intramammary S. aureus .