An Exposition of NietzscheNietzsche the Thinker. William Mackintyre Salter

Herbert L. Stewart
1920 The American Journal of Theology  
AN EXPOSITION OF NIETZSCHE Dr. Salter deserves the cordial congratulation and thanks of everyone interested in the work of Friedrich Nietzsche for the very careful, very informing, and very timely book which he has given us.' The results of a long and diligent research are presented in a lucid, attractive style. The scattered fragments of one of the most dispersive writers who ever lived have been brought together with tireless patience, and the most persevering effort has been put forth to
more » ... en put forth to construct out of them an ordered whole. Nietzsche has been made to appear as consistent with himself as it was possible for the most friendly exegesis to make him. Whatever is of value in the long series of works, from The Birth of Tragedy to Ecce Homo, has been sought out, placed in the most favorable light, "Nietzsche the Thinker. By William Mackintyre Salter. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1917. x+539 pages. $3.50. 309 themselves to self-government. For the attainment of his ideal, unlike the Cromwellian who fell back upon the arbitrament of the sword, finding in military success the approving intervention of Providence, the Leveller relied on persuasion, intrusting his propaganda to a party organized on a democratic basis. Though partial to a republican type of government, he could and did accept a monarchy. His ideas come from two sources-the long-standing theory of the English constitution as fundamental law, and the polity of Independency with its impulse toward progress, its respect for divine law, and its use of the Covenant. His influence is to be seen in the idea that citizens have ability to do more than merely carry out the political decisions of their superiors, in the radicalism that has remained as an undercurrent in English politics since the American Revolution, and in the limitation of government by paramount law as manifested in the American Constitution. The author does not find the Leveller's influence in the English Parliament of today, where the "idea of a supreme law that commands their obedience is completely absent, since it may violate the English constitution and there is no constitutional remedy for its act." It is at this point that English students of parliamentary institutions may be disposed to disagree. They will find the spirit of the Leveller in the ever-present solicitude of the Cabinet to conform to public opinion, and in the power of the House of Commons at any moment through an adverse vote to force a change of government.
doi:10.1086/480123 fatcat:wdkhj77w5jhzrgrvnauoohenim