A Theory-Based Evaluation of Nearest Neighbor Models Put Into Practice [article]

Hendrik Fichtenberger, Dennis Rohde
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In the k-nearest neighborhood model (k-NN), we are given a set of points P, and we shall answer queries q by returning the k nearest neighbors of q in P according to some metric. This concept is crucial in many areas of data analysis and data processing, e.g., computer vision, document retrieval and machine learning. Many k-NN algorithms have been published and implemented, but often the relation between parameters and accuracy of the computed k-NN is not explicit. We study property testing of
more » ... -NN graphs in theory and evaluate it empirically: given a point set P ⊂R^δ and a directed graph G=(P,E), is G a k-NN graph, i.e., every point p ∈ P has outgoing edges to its k nearest neighbors, or is it ϵ-far from being a k-NN graph? Here, ϵ-far means that one has to change more than an ϵ-fraction of the edges in order to make G a k-NN graph. We develop a randomized algorithm with one-sided error that decides this question, i.e., a property tester for the k-NN property, with complexity O(√(n) k^2 / ϵ^2) measured in terms of the number of vertices and edges it inspects, and we prove a lower bound of Ω(√(n / ϵ k)). We evaluate our tester empirically on the k-NN models computed by various algorithms and show that it can be used to detect k-NN models with bad accuracy in significantly less time than the building time of the k-NN model.
arXiv:1810.05064v3 fatcat:wwps6i7qjnhmhgczau4ai5asty