Anderson localized state as a predissipative state: Irreversible emission of thermalized quanta from a dynamically delocalized state

Hiroaki Yamada, Kensuke S. Ikeda
2002 Physical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics  
It was shown that localization in one-dimensional disordered ͑quantum͒ electronic system is destroyed against coherent harmonic perturbations and the delocalized electron exhibits an unlimited diffusive motion ͓Yamada and Ikeda, Phys. Rev. E 59, 5214 ͑1999͔͒. The appearance of diffusion implies that the system has potential for irreversibility and dissipation. In the present paper, we investigate dissipative property of the dynamically delocalized state, and we show that an irreversible
more » ... tionary energy flow indeed appears in the form of a "heat" flow when we couple the system with another dynamical degree of freedom. In the concrete we numerically investigate dissipative properties of a one-dimensional tight-binding electronic system perturbed by time-dependent harmonic forces, by coupling it with a quantum harmonic oscillator or a quantum anharmonic oscillator. It is demonstrated that if the on-site potential is spatially irregular an irreversible energy transfer from the scattered electron to the test oscillator occurs. Moreover, the test oscillator promptly approaches a thermalized state characterized by a well-defined time-dependent temperature. On the contrary, such a relaxation process cannot be observed at all for periodic potential systems. Our system is one of the minimal quantum systems in which a distinct nonequilibrium statistical behavior is self-induced.
doi:10.1103/physreve.65.046211 pmid:12005980 fatcat:olp3ggfubzhrlkr5r76jxlx7gu