Factorial design studies of antiretroviral drug-loaded stealth liposomal injectable: PEGylation, lyophilization and pharmacokinetic studies

Beeravelli Sudhakar, Mylangam Chaitanya Krishna, Kolapalli Venkata Ramana Murthy
2015 Applied Nanoscience  
The aim of the present study was to formulate and evaluate the ritonavir-loaded stealth liposomes by using 3 2 factorial design and intended to delivered by parenteral delivery. Liposomes were prepared by ethanol injection method using 3 2 factorial designs and characterized for various physicochemical parameters such as drug content, size, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency and in vitro drug release. The optimization process was carried out using desirability and overlay plots. The selected
more » ... plots. The selected formulation was subjected to PEGylation using 10 % PEG-10000 solution. Stealth liposomes were characterized for the above-mentioned parameters along with surface morphology, Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer, differential scanning calorimeter, stability and in vivo pharmacokinetic studies in rats. Stealth liposomes showed better result compared to conventional liposomes due to effect of PEG-10000. The in vivo studies revealed that stealth liposomes showed better residence time compared to conventional liposomes and pure drug solution. The conventional liposomes and pure drug showed dose-dependent pharmacokinetics, whereas stealth liposomes showed long circulation half-life compared to conventional liposomes and pure ritonavir solution. The results of statistical analysis showed significance difference as the p value is (\0.05) by one-way ANOVA. The result of the present study revealed that stealth liposomes are promising tool in antiretroviral therapy.
doi:10.1007/s13204-015-0408-8 fatcat:mnoj66l5vbdsflmszuqzxz4xza