Exit selection process during crowd evacuation, modelled on the cockroach emergent behaviour

M. Zajdel, B. Filipowicz
2014 Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences: Technical Sciences  
Groups of living creatures are often faced with searching for resources and choosing between one or more alternatives of resource site. Such a process is connected either with calm food acquirement or looking for a safe place to hide from danger. The question is, what kind of criteria are taken into consideration and what induces the collective decision, when all individuals in a swarm are equal. This paper identifies a simple mechanism of shelter selection by cockroach herd, whereby an
more » ... whereby an emergent decision is made with limited information and without centralization of information processing or comparison of available solutions. The mechanism leads to the optimal benefit for both a group and an individual. The proposed model activates swarm self-organization and is independent of species, therefore, a possible application to human crowd control has been studied.
doi:10.2478/bpasts-2014-0060 fatcat:hk2dbxno6bepnjbtfwsplnyhtu