A Biometric System Based on Single-channel EEG Recording in One-second

Shaimaa Hagras, Information Systems Department, Faculty of Computers and Information, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, Reham R. Mostafa, Ahmed Abou elfetouh
2020 International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications  
In recent years, there are great research interests in using the Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals in biometrics applications. The strength of EEG signals as a biometric comes from its major fraud prevention capability. However, EEG signals are so sensitive, and many factors affect its usage as a biometric; two of these factors are the number of channels, and the required time for acquiring the signal; these factors affect the convenience and practicality. This study proposes a novel approach
more » ... s a novel approach for EEG-based biometrics that optimizes the channels of acquiring data to only one channel. And the time to only one second. The results are compared against five commonly used classifiers named: KNN, Random Forest (RF), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Decision Tables (DT), and Naïve Bayes (NB). We test the approach on the public Texas data repository. The results prove the constancy of the approach for the eight minutes. The best result of the eyes-closed scenario is Average True Positive Rate (TPR) 99.1% and 98.2% for the eyes-opened. And it reaches 100% for multiple subjects.
doi:10.5815/ijisa.2020.05.03 fatcat:fcugcly7kzcqfcgo566partfqq