Optimization of Nickel-Based Catalyst Composition and Reaction Conditions for the Prevention of Carbon Deposition in Toluene Reforming
In this study, nickel-based reforming catalysts were synthesized for the reforming of toluene, a major component of thinners and widely used as an organic solvent. The reaction characteristics of these catalysts were investigated by both steam reforming and auto-thermal reforming. Reforming aromatic hydrocarbons like toluene to produce synthesis gas is difficult because carbon deposition also occurs, and the deposition of carbon lowers the activity of the catalyst and causes a pressure drop
... a pressure drop during the reaction process. In order to maintain a stable reforming process, a catalytic reaction technique capable of suppressing carbon deposition is required. Steam reforming and auto-thermal reforming of toluene were used in this study, and the temperature of the catalyst bed was remarkably reduced, due to a strong endothermic reaction during the reforming process. By using scanning electric microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and temperature-programmed oxidation analysis, it is shown that carbon deposition was markedly generated due to a catalyst bed temperature decrease. In this study, optimum conditions for catalyst composition and the reforming reaction are proposed to suppress the formation of carbon on the catalyst surface, and to remove the generated carbon from the process. In addition, ceria and zirconia were added as catalytic promoters to inhibit carbon deposition on the catalyst surface, and the carbon deposition phenomena according to the catalyst's promoter content were investigated. The results showed that the carbon deposition inhibition function of CeO2, via its redox properties, is insignificant in steam reforming, but is notably effective in the auto-thermal reforming of toluene.