Microbiological, Physicochemical, and Antioxidant Properties of Plain Yogurt and Soy Yogurt
플레인 요구르트와 소이 요구르트의 미생물학적, 물리화학적 및 항산화 활성

Sung-Mee Lim
2013 The Korean Journal of Microbiology  
This study evaluated the physicochemical and microbiological characteristics and antioxidant properties of yogurt samples fermented with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) obtained from pickled cabbage. API 50 CHL systems and 16S rRNA nucleotide sequence analyses revealed that the isolates were Lactobacillus casei PC05 and L. acidophilus PC16. Cell counts, titratable acidity, and viscosity of the yogurt samples fermented with L. acidophilus PC16 were significantly higher than those of the samples
more » ... f the samples fermented with L. casei PC05 (P<0.05). The detected cell counts and physicochemical properties were significantly lower in plain yogurt than in soy yogurt (P<0.05). Yogurt samples fermented with L. acidophilus PC16 exhibited higher antioxidant activity, measured as ability to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and chelate ferrous ions, than those fermented with L. casei PC05. However, the ability to scavenge superoxide anions and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were significantly (P<0.05) higher in yogurt samples fermented with L. casei PC05 compared to those in samples fermented with L. acidophilus PC16. The antioxidant activity of soy yogurt was significantly (P<0.05) higher than that of plain yogurt. The antioxidant activity of the tested strains resulted in lipid peroxidation inhibition (in vitro), which may be related to the elimination of free radicals, chelating ability, and reducing power. There were no significant differences in the physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities of the yogurt samples during cold storage.
doi:10.7845/kjm.2013.3074 fatcat:rjhy7mxhlrhwnn7242tafoibvm