A novel scoring system for identifying high-risk patients undergoing carotid stenting

Seyed-Ebrahim Kassaian, Davood Kazemi-Saleh, Mohammad Alidoosti, Mojtaba Salarifar, Ali-Mohammad Haji-Zeinali, Elham Hakki-Kazazi, Ali-Mohammad Sahraian, Mohammad-Reza Gheini, Seyed-Hesameddin Abbasi
2006 Archives of Iranian medicine  
In patients with severe concurrent coronary and carotid artery disease, two different treatment strategies may be used: simultaneous endarterectomy and coronary bypass surgery, and carotid stenting with delayed coronary bypass surgery after a few weeks. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of carotid stenting with delayed coronary bypass surgery after a few weeks in patients referred to Tehran Heart Center, Tehran, Iran and to determine the independent predictors that may be used to identify the
more » ... appropriate treatment plan for such patients. This prospective study was performed from December 2003 through October 2004. Symptomatic patients with >60% stenosis and asymptomatic patients with >80% stenosis were included in this study. The risks and benefits of carotid stenting were explained. Patients were excluded from the study if any of the following was applicable: age > or =85 years, history of a major stroke within the last week, pregnancy, intracranial tumor or arteriovenous malformation, severely disabled as a result of stroke or dementia, and intracranial stenosis that exceeded the severity of the extracranial stenosis. Thirty consecutive patients who underwent carotid stenting were enrolled in this study. The mean +/- SD age of patients was 66.3 +/- 8 years. The procedural success rate was 96.7%. During a mean +/- SD follow-up period of 5.6 +/- 3.2 months, 4 (17%) deaths occurred; none of which were attributed to a neurologic causes. Moreover, 1 (3%) patient developed a minor nonfatal stroke with transient cognitive disorder. Most of patients (80%) with major complications acquired a score of > or =26. To reduce the rate of carotid stenting complications in high-risk patients with heart disease, to optimize the patient selections, and to determine the best treatment strategy, based on the clinical and lesion characteristics of patients, we proposed a new scoring system.
pmid:16649355 fatcat:rgrdq626ibap7fztigrqubqmou