Qualitative noise-disturbance relation for quantum measurements

Teiko Heinosaari, Takayuki Miyadera
2013 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
The inherent connection between noise and disturbance is one of the most fundamental features of quantum measurements. In the two well-known extreme cases a measurement either makes no disturbance but then has to be totally noisy or is as accurate as possible but then has to disturb so much that all subsequent measurements become redundant.Most of the measurements are, however, something between these two extremes.We derive a structural relation between observables and channels that properly explains the trade-off between noise and disturbance.
doi:10.1103/physreva.88.042117 fatcat:bphmarrzr5eohjw4xa4pg7jh7q