Low Body Weight Increases the Risk of Ischemic Stroke and Major Bleeding in Atrial Fibrillation: The COOL-AF Registry
Journal of Clinical Medicine
We aimed to determine if low body weight (LBW) status (<50 kg) is independently associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke and bleeding in Thai patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). (1) Background: It has been unclear whether LBW influence clinical outcome of patients with NVAF. (2) Methods: This prospective multicenter cohort study included patients enrolled in the COOL-AF Registry. The following data were collected: demographic data, medical history, risk factors and
... risk factors and comorbid conditions, laboratory and investigation data, and medications. Follow-up data were collected every 6 months. Clinical events during follow-up were confirmed by the adjudication committee. (3) Results: A total of 3367 patients were enrolled. The mean age was 67.2 ± 11.2 years. LBW was present in 338 patients (11.3%). Anticoagulant and antiplatelet was prescribed in 75.3% and 26.2% of patients, respectively. Ischemic stroke, major bleeding, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and death occurred during follow-up in 2.9%, 4.4%, 1.4%, and 7.7% of patients, respectively, during 25.7 months follow-up. LBW was an independent predictor of ischemic stroke, major bleeding, ICH, and death, with a hazard ratio of 2.40, 1.79, 2.37, and 2.65, respectively. (4) Conclusions: LBW was independently associated with increased risk of adverse outcomes in Thai patients with NVAF. This should be carefully considered when balancing the risks and benefits of stroke prevention among patients with different body weights.