MicroRNA-520a discourages lung cancer pathogenesis and progression involving the downregulation of RRM2 and Wnt signaling deficits
Background Increasingly evidence has noted the critical functions of microRNAs (miRNAs) in disease control including cancer progression. This paper aimed to explore the functions of miR-520a in lung cancer (LC) and the downstream molecules implicated. Methods Aberrantly expressed miRNAs in LC tissues were screened out by miRNA microarrays. miR-520a expression in LC tissues and cell lines was determined, and the correlation between miR-520a level and survival rate of patients was analyzed.
... was analyzed. Altered expression of miR-520a was introduced to evaluate its function in LC cell malignant behaviors. The target mRNA and the potential signaling pathway mediated by miR-520a were figured out. Xenograft tumors were induced in mice to test the role of miR-520a in tumorigenesis in vivo. Results Poor expression of miR-520a was found in LC tissues and cell lines. A higher miR-520a level indicated a better survival rate in LC patients. Overexpression of miR-520a led to declines in cell viability, proliferation, migration, invasion and resistance to apoptosis. The target mRNAs of miR-520a were enriched on the Wnt signaling. miR-520a inactivated the Wnt pathway. miR-520a could bind to RRM2 and downregulate RRM2 expression in LC cells. Overexpression of RRM2 promoted the malignant behaviors of cancer cells, but this promotion was inhibited by miR-520a. Overexpression of miR-520a also inhibited the tumor growth and metastasis in nude mice. Conclusion The present study provided evidence that miR-520a could inhibit LC progression through RRM2 down-regulation and Wnt signaling deficit. This paper may offer novel ideas concerning LC treatment.