CONTEMPORARY FEMALE ÂŞIKLAR AND ÂŞIK MUSIC TRADITION OF TURKEY

Sevilay Çınar
2013 NWSA Fine Arts  
The âşık tradition, which spans many hundreds of years in Anatolia, yet has its roots in even older traditions of ancient Turkic peoples, is a multifaceted folk tradition: it has distinctive literary and musical characteristics, as well as proscribed conditions of learning and performance. Representatives of the tradition, known as âşıklar, are folk poets who perform their works accompanied by the Turkish saz (bağlama), a long necked instrument of the lute family. The âşık's role itself is
more » ... role itself is multifarious: âşıklar may perform at times a spiritual function within a community or that of passing on collective values, they may perform as forceful social critics, or as entertainers. This paper is about the âşık tradition of Turkey and specifically examines the role of women within this tradition in the contemporary society. It attempts to more fully understand the existence of female âşıklar, significant primary sources contributing to the formation and continuity of âşık art who have rarely been recognized even as individual artists and have never been considered in a study in a collective manner. In fundamental ways, female âşıklar stand at a telling social and cultural contradiction between their identities as women and their identities as âşıklar.
doi:10.12739/nwsa.2013.8.2.d0127 fatcat:i2rcxwetbbgqhbeo62zrve7j6e