Energy drinks consumption in Erbil city: A population based study
Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences
Introduction Energy drinks are beverages that provide a boost of energy by using a mixture of caffeine, carbohydrates, vitamins, taurine, herbal supplements, and sweeteners or sugar, advertised to both public and athletes as one of the quick and easy means of relieving fatigue, increase attention, boost energy, losing weight and enhancing performance. 1-3 The increasing consumption of energy drinks by adolescents and young adults have created concerns regarding overall health and well-being of
... and well-being of the consumers.     Adolescents and young adults are frequently unfamiliar with the contents of energy drink. 6,7 Different case studies and the media had linked adverse reactions with the consumption of energy drinks, while limited research has studied the concerns of specific ingredients and effect of the combined constituents. 8, 9 Energy drink consumption is a probable health hazard for the general population, particularly frightening for youth due to extraordinary levels of caffeine and unusual ingredients not naturally found in the food supply. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) stated that energy drinks should not be included in the diet of Background and objective: Energy drinks have become increasingly prevalent among young adults and adolescents in recent years, particularly young students and athletes who see the consumption of energy drinks as an easy and quick way to boost academic and athletic performance. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of consumption of energy drinks in a sample of adolescent and adults in Erbil city as well as perceived benefits and its health hazards. Methods: A convenience sample of 600 individuals from different sectors and social groups of Erbil city was selected. Data was obtained through direct interview. The data was managed through SPSS program version 18, using appropriate statistical tests. Results: The prevalence of energy drinks consumption among the study population was 42.7%, especially adolescents and young adults (those ≤ 25 years) and was more common among males than females (55.7% and 29.8%, respectively). The main reasons for its consumption were related to getting energy and improving the mood and performance (66.0% and 30.4%, respectively). 62.7% of participants think that it is harmful and could have adverse effects such as heartbeat irregularity and blood pressure swinging, addiction, and osteoporosis (46.2%, 33.7% and 13.2%, respectively). Televisions were the major source of advertisement (71.45). A significant statistical association had been found between the age, gender and educational status of the participants and consuming energy drinks (P = 0.001, 0.001 and 0.002, respectively).