Collapse and revival of excitations in Bose-Einstein condensates

M. Möttönen, S. M. M. Virtanen, M. M. Salomaa
2005 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
We study the energies and decay of elementary excitations in weakly interacting Bose-Einstein condensates within a finite-temperature gapless second-order theory. The energy shifts for the high-lying collective modes turn out to be systematically negative compared with the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov-Popov approximation and the decay of the low-lying modes is found to exhibit collapse and revival effects. In addition, perturbation theory is used to qualitatively explain the experimentally observed Beliaev decay process of the scissors mode.
doi:10.1103/physreva.71.023604 fatcat:md2i66vxrfg7rpjbkymydyzfpy