Effect of Cyclodextrin Derivatization on Solubility and Efficacy of Drugs [chapter]

Syed Haroon Khalid, Mehreen Bashir, Sajid Asghar, Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Ikram Ullah Khan
2019 Colloid Science in Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology [Working Title]  
Cyclodextrins (CDs) possess cyclic structure having (α-1,4)-linked glucopyranose units making them less vulnerable to enzymatic degradation as than the linear dextrins. Commonly used natural CDs are α-CD, β-CD, and ɣ-CD with truncated cone-like appearance having lipophilic central cavity and hydrophilic exterior surface. The problem of low aqueous solubility of natural CDs can be addressed by reacting them with various reagents to produce water-soluble derivatives. CD derivatives can be
more » ... ives can be categorized in many ways depending upon their substituents, biological activity, polarity, and size. The derivatization of natural CDs produces noncrystalline and amorphous forms with higher water solubility that are physically and microbiologically stable for prolonged time period. Variety of methods can be used to determine average degree of substitution for a modified CD. Dissociation by dilution is considered as major release mechanism of drugs from complex. It is essential to optimize the amount of CDs for a given preparation because they can either retard or promote drug delivery through biological membrane.
doi:10.5772/intechopen.90364 fatcat:sxhgr7grhfdzji5gymo5dxjyiy