The way of perceiving ecological problems by citizens of Vojvodina: Presentation of empirical research

Ljubinko Pusic, Ana Pajvancic-Cizelj
2012 Sociologija  
The paper presents selected results of an empirical research about the attitudes of Vojvodinian citizens towards ecological problems. Its starting hypothesis is that the sensibility of citizens' attitudes towards ecological problems is the crucial key to create participative model of decision-making processes regarding environment. Research goals are descriptive and exploratory: evaluating the general attitude towards ecological problems, and checking their links with socio-demographic
more » ... emographic characteristics of respondents and with the globalization of the consciousness about the environment. The results of research show that respondents first recognize directly observable ecological problems (pollution). The rest of respondents recognized ecological problems which are necessarily mediated by global ecological consciousness and by ideas that put mainly human beings in the center of ecological issues (the lack of ecological consciousness). The respondents are divided in determining the state/civil society as the possible source of ecological problems, where most of them recognized the state institutions (ecological legislation) as such. The respondents expressed a significant level of non-anthropocentric values towards nature. The assumed link between socio-demographic characteristics and reception of ecological problems was not confirmed. It is shown that the attitude of Vojvodinian citizens towards ecological problems is highly diversified. On one hand, this attitude reflects an ecological consciousness, formed by the direct experience in the local context; while, on the other hand, it reflects a consciousness formed in the framework of globalized environmental discourse in "networked society". KEY WORDS Vojvodina, ecological problems, globalization, participation ----1 pusic@eunet.rs 2 ana@nspoint.net 3 Istraživanje predstava stanovnika Vojvodine o ugroženosti prirodnog okruženja, čiji se samo pojedini rezultati ovde prikazuju, sprovedeno je tokom 2009. godine putem anketnog upitnika, na uzorku od 610 ispitanikagrađana Vojvodine. Ispitanici su u uzorak izabrani slučajno. Uzorkom je obuhvaćeno 33 naselja sa teritorije AP Vojvodine, a među ispitanicima je najviše stanovnika gradova (80,8%), nešto manje stanovnika ruralnih područja (15,7%) i najmanje stanovnika prigradskih naselja (3,4%). Deo upitnika koji se analizira u radu obuhvatao je pitanja zatvorenog tipa, od kojih su neka postavljena u formi stavova, merenih na Likertovoj skali. Podaci su obrađivani u programskom paketu SPSS, uz korišćenje deskriptivne statistike (hi-kvadrat) i multivarijacione analize (korenspodentna analiza).
doi:10.2298/soc1201153p fatcat:yugm6ih2kffn3jcyv7dn22j5am