The Potential of Metabolomics in the Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer

Margarida Coelho, Luis Raposo, Brian J. Goodfellow, Luigi Atzori, John Jones, Bruno Manadas
2020 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine system malignancy. However, there is still a lack of reliable and specific markers for the detection and staging of this disease. Fine needle aspiration biopsy is the current gold standard for diagnosis of thyroid cancer, but drawbacks to this technique include indeterminate results or an inability to discriminate different carcinomas, thereby requiring additional surgical procedures to obtain a final diagnosis. It is, therefore, necessary to seek
more » ... reliable markers to complement and improve current methods. "Omics" approaches have gained much attention in the last decade in the field of biomarker discovery for diagnostic and prognostic characterisation of various pathophysiological conditions. Metabolomics, in particular, has the potential to identify molecular markers of thyroid cancer and identify novel metabolic profiles of the disease, which can, in turn, help in the classification of pathological conditions and lead to a more personalised therapy, assisting in the diagnosis and in the prediction of cancer behaviour. This review considers the current results in thyroid cancer biomarker research with a focus on metabolomics.
doi:10.3390/ijms21155272 pmid:32722293 pmcid:PMC7432278 fatcat:24dv4m6ojrfc5jfizyloe5p2oe