Study of Kyasanur forest disease viremia, antibody kinetics, and virus infection in target organs of Macaca radiata

Dilip R. Patil, Pragya D. Yadav, Anita Shete, Gouri Chaubal, Sreelekshmy Mohandas, Rima R. Sahay, Rajlaxmi Jain, Chandrashekhar Mote, Sandeep Kumar, Himanshu Kaushal, Pravin Kore, Savita Patil (+8 others)
2020 Scientific Reports  
The present manuscript deals with experimental infections of bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata) to study disease progression for better insights into the Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) pathogenesis and transmission. Experimentally, 10 monkeys were inoculated with KFD virus (KFDV) (high or low dose) and were regularly monitored and sampled for various body fluids and tissues at preset time points. We found that only 2 out of the 10 animals showed marked clinical signs becoming moribund, both in the
more » ... ribund, both in the low dose group, even though viremia, virus shedding in the secretions and excretions were evident in all inoculated monkeys. Anti-KFDV immunoglobulin (Ig)M antibody response was observed around a week after inoculation and anti-KFDV IgG antibody response after two weeks. Anaemia, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, monocytosis, increase in average clotting time, and reduction in the serum protein levels were evident. The virus could be re-isolated from the skin during the viremic period. The persistence of viral RNA in the gastrointestinal tract and lymph nodes was seen up to 53 and 81 days respectively. Neuro-invasion was observed only in moribund macaques. Re-challenge with the virus after 21 days of initial inoculation in a monkey did not result in virus shedding or immune response boosting.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-67599-x pmid:32724103 fatcat:vkddzlk4afev3fdotf36g4wza4