Formulation and Evaluation of Bioactive Enriched Green Tea: A Nudging Intervention Towards Menstrual Disorders

2020 ijghc  
Menstrual disorders are a major lifestyle issue in adolescent girls affecting their quality of life. In view of this, green tea (Camellia sinensis), a commonly consumed non-fermented beverage was developed, with an enrichment of bioactive ingredients like chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), moringa leaves (Moringa oleifera), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc), and fennel seeds (Foeniculum vulgare) and its micronutrient, tannin and
more » ... antioxidant properties were evaluated. Green tea was used as the standard (T0) and variations were formulated with bioactive ingredients in varying amounts (V1, V2, V3). The most acceptable variation (V2) was considered for further evaluation. V2 was found to contain 14.1±1.66 mg/100g iron, 11.45±1.52 mg/100g vitamin C, and 13.5±0.5 mg/100 g zinc and 7.6±0.15 mg/100 g tannin. Higher antioxidant assay was found in V2 for total polyphenol content (1.39±0.29mg GAE/g) and DPPH radical scavenging activity with 142.6µg/ml of IC50 value. A nudge-based intervention was carried out for 4 weeks among adolescent girls to study the effectiveness of the consumption of enriched tea (V2) on the relief of menstrual disorder symptoms. A significant decrease (p<0.05) in the symptoms as well as the impact of those symptoms on their daily activities was observed between pre and post intervention. Hence the developed bioactive enriched green tea contains the ingredients rich in antioxidants and iron.
doi:10.24214/ijghc/hc/9/2/19102 fatcat:7ltjgzfmbjdatp4kiqfnapuqfe