Rate control for MPEG-4 FGS coded video using piecewise rate distortion model

Li Zhuo, Kin-Man Lam, Lansun Shen
2004 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME) (IEEE Cat. No.04TH8763)  
Three efficient rate allocation schemes for the MPEG-4 fine granular scalability (FGS) enhancement layer with constant quality are proposed in this paper. With the distortion measured using the mean squared error (MSE) or peak signal noise ratio (PSNR) metric, the rate-distortion (R-D) curve of the MPEG-4 FGS enhancement layer exhibits piecewise characteristics. For each piecewise region, a first-order or a second-order model is adopted to estimate the actual R-D curve. Based on these piecewise
more » ... on these piecewise models, three optimal rate allocation schemes are proposed to allocate an appropriate number of bits to the enhancement layer of each frame. Experimental results show that, compared to the average rate allocation method and the exponential model method, our proposed algorithms can achieve a much constant quality in the reconstructed video.
doi:10.1109/icme.2004.1394148 fatcat:klyf6rlscfba7bfuj77nh2pgf4