Can self-enforcing international agreements help water crisis in Central Asia?

Botir B. Okhunjanov
2021 unpublished
There is no doubt that one of the biggest issues in Central Asia is related to water. Waters of the Amudarya and Syrdarya, two major rivers that used to feed the Aral Seaonce considered the 4th largest saline lake in the worlddo not reach the basin for decades now which has led to the depletion of the sea and is causing major political, economic and health issues in the region. Moreover, once unified states as part of the Soviet Union, now Central Asia consists of five independent
more » ... Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan each fighting over the ownership rights of the rivers. During the Soviet time, the central planner was Moscow, Russia, who would decide how much water each state was entitled after consideration of the total welfare of the people in this region. Currently, this is not the case anymore.
doi:10.22004/ag.econ.312848 fatcat:5ovgp4kr7reybdyjw5h27qvkk4