Polskie badania Kaukazu a wyzwania współczesnej nauki

Andrzej Furier
2014 Nowa Polityka Wschodnia  
Polish contacts with the Caucasus region one date back to the late Middle Ages, and intensified in the period of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's greatness, as it sought allies in that region in the fight against Turkey. After the partition of Poland in the 19th century a large group of Poles -several hundred thousand strong -was exiled to Caucasus. They were political exiles and soldiers serving in the Russian army, and later civilians of various professions. Their fates become at first
more » ... subject of interest of memoirs authors, and later the subject of scientific research. This promoted Polish-Caucasian relations, which reached its apogee in the interwar period. It was connected with the Promethean movement, which then gained wide popularity in Poland. Hitherto achievements of the Polish Caucasology invites us to reflect on its condition today. The paper aims to present the most important changes in Polish studies of Caucasus, focusing on the most recent achievements. The purpose of this activity was to determinante the feasibility of Polish Caucasology in solving research problems. Therefore, an attempt was made to analyse Polish Caucasological publication, paying particular attention to the area of the issue of research, the methodology used and the cognitive value of results.
doi:10.15804/npw2014206 fatcat:ii72ndfx5jaf3ewjnntgbztftu