Study of Lung Cancer in a rural Medical College in hilly area of West Bengal
Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research
Cancer of Lung is one of the most aggressive and prevalent type of malignancy causing high morbidity and mortality. Tobacco smoking is one important cause of lung cancer worldwide. An increasing incidence of lung cancer has been observed in India. Moreover smoking is very common addiction in Bengal particularly in hilly areas. So, the incidence of lung cancer is also high in this sub Himalayan area. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, pathological and Radiological
... nd Radiological profile of the lung cancer in hilly region of West Bengal. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of histopathologically proven cases of bronchogenic carcinoma who attended in our hospital in the department of chest and Radiotherapy from January 2015 to December 2017. Results: Our study included 242 patients with confirmed cases of Primary lung cancer. Male to female ratio was 6.12:1. The common age group being 41-60years (45.45%). Smoking was found to be the main risk factor in 86.36% patients. The most frequent symptom was cough (71.90%). The most common radiological presentation was mass lesion (51.65%). The most common histopathological type was squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (38.02%) followed by adenocarcinoma (29.75%) and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) (16.53%). The majority patients (81.82%) were diagnosed in the later stages of the disease (III B and IV). Conclusion: It is seen that addiction to smoking among both males and females are quite prevalent in this sub Himalayan Hilly area of Bengal. This may be the reason of increased incidence of lung cancer here. Squamous cell Carcinoma is found to be the commonest variety.