Relevant Factors in Sustainable Urban Development of Urban Planning Methodology and Implementation of Concepts for Sustainable Planning (Planning Documentation for the Master Plan Skopje 2001–2020)

Emilija Sofeska
2016 Procedia Environmental Sciences  
Cities as complex and multilayer systems are part of a sustainable policy, because they are huge consumers of resources and show clear signs of unsustainable behavior. Cities around the world today are faced with intense degradation, pollution, overpopulation, etc. Sustainable development refers to the environmental, economic and sociological processes in the city and its physical structure. Researchers and planners are therefore encouraged to think about the city that will focus on
more » ... ocus on self-regulation. Therefore challenge for this research. This research paper explores the relationship between urban development and sustainable development through the relevant factors and indicators in the methodology of sustainable urban planning. The knowledge obtained should help considers and methods for encourage sustainable urban planning thought in the Republic of Macedonia. The subject of this research is implementation of sustainable concepts and how they affect the methodology of urban planning. In this sense, the focus is on identifying the indicators and factors relevant to sustainable development where the aim is to systematize the concepts of sustainable urban development and operationalization in urban planning documentation and development of the city Skopje. This paper attempts to encourage research and further deepening the methodology of sustainable urban planning. Given the nature of this research work consistently are observed ambitions that I had in conducting and systematization of the factors that reflect sustainable urban development, while, in exposure to the material and setting up of the thesis, parallel are reviewed several aspects that are distributed concentrically and are embedded in the concluding observations of the actual state of the model implementations in the planning of the city of Skopje. Candidate: Mentor: Emilija Sofeska Prof. d-r. Vladimir Arsovski SKOPJE 2012 II II sustainable development where the aim is to systematize the concepts of sustainable urban development and operationalization in urban planning documentation and development of the city Skopje. This paper attempts to encourage research and further deepening the methodology of sustainable urban planning. As to the content of this paper, the shaping idea that led me was to cover the most important aspects of urban sustainability and development, through the study of existing models and opportunities for urban development, resulting from the criteria and indicators defined in international laws and documents for sustainability and methodologies of modern urban planning. The first chapter of this paper in reference to the definition of the elements and stakeholders of sustainable development and sustainability thought. This is accomplished by defining sustainability and chronology of urban development and thought for sustainability of cities through time, i.e. the formulation of basic concepts that include sustainability, environment and animal problems in it; ecological footprints; challenges of sustainability by defining the key elements and factors for sustainable development, efficient use of energy and resources, ecological dimensions of urban development, determining the characteristics of ecosystems and the opportunities of the city as ecosystem . The second chapter analyzes the ecological theories and concepts for the development of urban thought that are embedded in international documents, acts, resolutions, declarations, strategies... for protection of the environment. Also, in the second chapter are given models and opportunities for sustainable urban development. It is a model of sustainable self-organized system; the model of strong sustainability; model of polycentric urban development; model of compact city; model of transport-oriented development in focus spots and the model of sustainable transportation. In these models are grounded relevant factors for sustainability and implementation of sustainable development in the urban structure through sustainable urban strategies, economic and social trends, decentralization and limits of growth, centralization and compactness. All these aspects are presented and analyzed through the experiences from specific areas in the world (Australia, UK, etc...) and specific projects (urban eco villages, etc...) which are an important basis for evaluation and possible targeting of their operationalization in our environments. Classification and systematization of the concepts of sustainable urban development exploring opportunities to establish appropriate methodology for urban planning and are given in the third chapter. Criteria and indicators for sustainable urbanization are superior methodological procedures that produce relevant qualitative and quantitative assessments of the sustainability of the city. In this section are perceived the size, shape and coefficient of expansion of the urban environment, use of space and land use, population density and construction, organization of traffic as an indicator of sustainability, identification, cultural, historical and natural (ecological) context. There are also considering the state of 4 advanced technology and developed infrastructure allows recovery of the cities into flexible spaces. Large cities have the largest capacity of educated population, have focus on transport infrastructure, have developed industry and ever-expanding industrial areas, multiple housing sales etc... Sustainability should help the world in creating a new generation of awareness that will create a better future for the next generation. Sustainability as a vision for development must take into account a range of ethical questions about our relationship to nature and future generations through the promotion of social equality and justice. Table 1: Concept of sustainable development The energy crisis and conventional energy sources are the cause of developing awareness for energy conservation and environmental sustainability. Energy is the most important and necessary for social and economic development, and provides conditions for quality of life. Modern planning is a multidisciplinary activity and requires modeling of energy consumption through management and legislation relating to energy efficiency. 2 There are various institutions dealing with sustainable development from academia, national and local government, international political institutions, international organizations, local groups, etc... Often research concerning global objectives of sustainability, ecology, "green" economy, efficiency and sustainability in the industry, but some research relating to 2 The certificate for energy efficiency (EPC) is introduced to help improve the energy efficiency of buildings. To see this:
doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2016.04.014 fatcat:wkxugl5omraejcfwsnodiejfu4