Accessing Excited State Molecular Vibrations by Femtosecond Stimulated Raman Spectroscopy [component]

Excited state vibrations are crucial for determining the photophysical and photochemical properties of molecular compounds. Stimulated Raman scattering can coherently stimulate and probe molecular vibrations with optical pulses, but it is generally restricted to ground state properties. Working under resonance conditions enables cross-section enhancement and selective excitation to a targeted electronic level but is hampered by an increased signal complexity due to the presence of overlapping
more » ... ectral contributions. Here, we show how detailed information about ground and excited state vibrations can be disentangled by exploiting the relative time delay between Raman and probe pulses to control the excited state population, combined with a diagrammatic formalism to dissect the pathways concurring with the signal generation. The proposed method is then exploited to elucidate the vibrational properties of the ground and excited electronic states in the paradigmatic case of cresyl violet. We anticipate that the presented approach holds the potential for selective mapping of the reaction coordinates pertaining to transient electronic stages implied in photoactive compounds.
doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c01971.s001 fatcat:5pmzs423ungwtn566wciwv7g2i