Unraveling the critical growth factors for stable cultivation of (nano-sized) Micrarchaeota [article]

Susanne Krause, Gfrerer Sabrina, Carsten Reuse, Nina Dombrowski, Laura Villanueva, Boyke Bunk, Cathrin Sp&oumler, Thomas R Neu, Ute Kuhlicke, Kerstin Schmidt-Hohagen, Karsten Hiller, Reinhard Rachel (+2 others)
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Micrarchaeota are members of the archaeal DPANN superphylum. These so far poorly characterized archaea have been found to have reduced genomes and likely depend on interactions with host organisms for growth and survival. Here we report on the enrichment of the first stable co-culture of a member of the Micrarchaeota together with its host, as well as the isolation of the latter. Electron microscopic analysis suggest that growth is dependent on the physical interaction of the two organisms
more » ... n a biofilm. The interaction seems to be ensured by the necessity to grow in form of a biofilm. Furthermore, transcriptomic analyses indicate a shift towards biofilm formation of the host as a result of co-cultivation. Finally, genomic, metabolomic, extracellular polymeric substance (EPSs) and lipid content analyses reveal that the Micrarchaeon symbiont relies on the acquisition of metabolites from its host and thereby provide first insights into the basis of symbiont-host interactions.
doi:10.1101/2021.04.28.441856 fatcat:elodjwxrpbbp3bosksyur5cseu