Clinical system for non-invasive in situ monitoring of gases in the human paranasal sinuses

Märta Lewander, Zuguang Guan, Katarina Svanberg, Sune Svanberg, Tomas Svensson
2009 Optics Express  
We present a portable system for non-invasive, simultaneous sensing of molecular oxygen (O 2 ) and water vapor (H 2 O) in the human paranasal cavities. The system is based on high-resolution tunable diode laser spectroscopy (TDLAS) and digital wavelength modulation spectroscopy (dWMS). Since optical interference and non-ideal tuning of the diode lasers render signal processing complex, we focus on Fourier analysis of dWMS signals and procedures for removal of background signals. Clinical data
more » ... e presented, and exhibit a significant improvement in signal-to-noise with respect to earlier work. The in situ detection limit, in terms of absorption fraction, is about 5 × 10 −5 for oxygen and 5 × 10 −4 for water vapor, but varies between patients due to differences in light attenuation. In addition, we discuss the use of water vapor as a reference in quantification of in situ oxygen concentration in detail. In particular, light propagation aspects are investigated by employing photon time-of-flight spectroscopy.
doi:10.1364/oe.17.010849 pmid:19550485 fatcat:cvf6qdloind73izhfc25vlkzl4